Manufacturing has emerged as one of the high growth sectors in India. Prime Minister of India, Mr Narendra Modi, had launched the ‘Make in India’ program to place India on the world map as a manufacturing hub and give global recognition to the Indian economy. India is expected to become the fifth largest manufacturing country in the world by the end of year 2020*.
The Gross Value Added (GVA) at basic current prices from the manufacturing sector in India grew at a CAGR of 4.00 per cent during FY12 and FY19 as per the second advance estimates of annual national income published by the Government of India. In FY19, GVA from manufacturing at current prices grew 12.4 per cent year-on-year to Rs 288.56 trillion (US$ 395.89 billion). Under the Make in India initiative, the Government of India aims to increase the share of the manufacturing sector to the gross domestic product (GDP) to 25 per cent by 2022, from 16 per cent, and to create 100 million new jobs by 2022. Business conditions in the Indian manufacturing sector continue to remain positive.
With the help of Make in India drive, India is on the path of becoming the hub for hi-tech manufacturing as global giants such as GE, Siemens, HTC, Toshiba, and Boeing have either set up or are in process of setting up manufacturing plants in India, attracted by India’s market of more than a billion consumers and increasing purchasing power.
Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India’s manufacturing sector reached US$ 46.62 billion during April 2000-December 2018.
India has become one of the most attractive destinations for investments in the manufacturing sector. Some of the major investments and developments in this sector in the recent past are:
- India’s manufacturing PMI stood at 52.6 in March 2019, indicating an expansion. Firms remain confident about strong underlying demand, successful advertising and the receipt of bulk orders, all of which are supporting sales growth.
- As of December 2018, premium smartphone maker OnePlus is anticipating that India will become its largest Research and Development (R&D) base within the next three years.
- As of October 2018, Filatex India, a polymer manufacturer, is planning to undertake forward integration by setting up a fabric manufacturing and processing unit.
- As of August 2018, IISC’s Society of Innovation and Development (SID) and WIPRO 3D are collaborating to produce India’s first industrial scale 3D printing machine.
- For its Commercial Vehicles, Ashok Leyland is utilising machine learning algorithms and its newly created telematics unit to improve the performance of the vehicle, driver and so on.
The Government of India has taken several initiatives to promote a healthy environment for the growth of manufacturing sector in the country. Some of the notable initiatives and developments are:
- In October 2018, the Government of India released the draft National Policy on Electronics (NPE) which has envisaged creation of a US$ 400 billion electronics manufacturing industry in the country by 2025. As of December 2018, the government has nearly finalised the policy.
- In September 2018, the Government of India exempted 35 machine parts from basic custom duty in order to boost mobile handset production in the country.
- Government of India is in the process of coming up with a new industrial policy which envisions development of a globally competitive Indian industry. As of December 2018, the policy has been sent to the Union Cabinet for approval.
- In Union Budget 2018-19, the Government of India reduced the income tax rate to 25 per cent for all companies having a turnover of up to Rs 250 crore (US$ 38.75 million).
- Under the Mid-Term Review of Foreign Trade Policy (2015-20), the Government of India increased export incentives available to labour intensive MSME sectors by 2 per cent.
- The Government of India has launched a phased manufacturing programme (PMP) aimed at adding more smartphone components under the Make in India initiative thereby giving a push to the domestic manufacturing of mobile handsets.
- The Government of India is in talks with stakeholders to further ease foreign direct investment (FDI) in defence under the automatic route to 51 per cent from the current 49 per cent, in order to give a boost to the Make in India initiative and to generate employment.
- The Ministry of Defence, Government of India, approved the “Strategic Partnership” model which will enable private companies to tie up with foreign players for manufacturing submarines, fighter jets, helicopters and armoured vehicles.
- The Union Cabinet has approved the Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) in which, proposals will be accepted till December 2018 or up to an incentive commitment limit of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.5 billion).
India is an attractive hub for foreign investments in the manufacturing sector. Several mobile phone, luxury and automobile brands, among others, have set up or are looking to establish their manufacturing bases in the country.
The manufacturing sector of India has the potential to reach US$ 1 trillion by 2025 and India is expected to rank amongst the top three growth economies and manufacturing destination of the world by the year 2020. The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) will make India a common market with a GDP of US$ 2.5 trillion along with a population of 1.32 billion people, which will be a big draw for investors.
With impetus on developing industrial corridors and smart cities, the government aims to ensure holistic development of the nation. The corridors would further assist in integrating, monitoring and developing a conducive environment for the industrial development and will promote advance practices in manufacturing.
Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0139 as of Q3 FY19